Thought 4the day: Never be scared to ask for help as sometimes we all need it. I still do and thats when i either ask the horse/pony that is with me to help me or in sausages case i asked sarah and jason. We all have pride and sometimes like the old saying is pride comes before a fall. Its one of those true sayings that we all need to remember as its not just us that falls its our four legged frie...nds too. Help is not lowering yourself or making yourself seem silly or nieve its showing how mature you are to be putting that outstretched hand out to another human or your four legged friend. Inpsiration comes from those around us. Trust me on that one! I am often inspired from all the horses and always when i least expect it! Horses are a fountain of untapped knowledge!!! Let them help you to help them... just listen :o)
Quote4 the day: "Brutality begins where knowledge ends. Ignorance and compulsion appear simultaneously." ~ Charles de Kunffy
Fact 4the day: The Cannon and Tendons
Long cannon bones.
Long Cannon Bone
The cannon is long between the knee and fetlock, making the knees appear high relative to the overall balance of the horse
Reduces the muscular pull of the tendons on the lower leg.
Uneven terrain or unlevel foot balance will magnify the stress on the carpus since lengthy tendons are not as stabilizing to the lower limb as shorter ones
Increases the weight on the end of the limb, contributing to less efficient and less stable movement. Added weight to front legs increases the muscular effort needed in picking up a limb, leading to hastened fatigue.
Increase in tendon/ligament injury, especially when the horse is also tied-in above the knee.
Horses with long cannons are best for flat racing short distances.
Short cannon bones.
Short Cannon Bone
Cannon is relatively short from fetlock to knee as compared to knee to elbow
This conformation is desirable in any performance horse
A short cannon bone improves the ease and power of the force generated by the muscles of a long forearm or gaskin. Enables an efficient pull of the tendons across the back of the knee or point of hock to move the limb forward and back.
Also reduces the weight of the lower leg so less muscular effort is needed to move the limb, which contributes to speed, stamina, soundness, and jumping ability.
Rotated Cannon Bone
The cannon rotates to the outside of the knee so it appears twisted in its axis relative to knee. May still be correct and straight in alignment of joint, but more often associated with appearance of carpus valgus.
Places excess strain on the inside of the knee and lower joints of the leg, potentially leading to soundness issues, although this is not common.
Bench or Offset Knees/ Offset Cannons
The cannons are set to the outside of the knee so an imaginary plumb line does not fall through middle.
Causes excessive strain on the lateral surfaces of the joints from the knee down and on the outside portions of the hoof.
There is an exaggerated amount of weight supported by the medial splint bone, leading to splints.
The horse is most suited for non-speed activities like pleasure riding, driving, and equitation.
Tied-in Below the Knee
The cannon, just below the knee, appears “cut out” with a decreased tendon diameter. Rather than parallel with cannon, tendons are narrower than the circumference measured just above the fetlock.
Affects speed event (racing, polo) and concussion events (steeplechase, jumping, eventing, endurance).
Limits the strength of the flexor tendons that are needed to absorb the concussion and diffusion of impact through the legs, making the horse more prone to tendon injuries, especially at the midpoint of the cannon or just above.
The leverage of muscle pull is decreased as the tendons pull against the back of knee rather than a straight line down back of leg. This reduces power and speed.
Associated with a reduced size in the accessory carpal bone on back of knee over which the tendons pass. The small joints are prone to injury and don’t provide adequate support for the column of leg while under weight-bearing stress.
Horse is most suited for sports that shift the animal's weight to the rear or that don’t depend on perfect forelimb conformation (dressage, driving, cutting).