Thought, fact and quote for the day 10/2/12
Seven Acre Horse Sanctuary - Giving horses/ponies a second chance..
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Thought, fact and quote for the day 10/2/12

Thought 4the day: How do you stop your horse being bored when they are stuck in and there is nothing you can do about it? Snow causes so much havoc. Some horses that are sensible or live out adjust and are fine in the snow. The flightly ones or young ones could possibly do themselves an injury. We have many that are stuck in at the moment for that reason. We do have a couple of golden oldies that are refusing to go out!! So how to stop them getting boredom? Each horse is different! Brian has a huge treats ball and bashes that about as hard as he can lol Henry throws anything out the stable you give him as he hasn't the time nor patiance! Callie is scared of anything that you place in her stable bless her. Some trust prefer hanging carrots or swede or even a salt lick! Nothing lasts long though! So how do you keep your four legged friends from getting bored?? Share so we can get some more ideas!!!
Quote 4the day: There are only two emotions that belong in the saddle; one is a sense of humor and the other is patience.
Fact4 the day: The Hoof

Feet Too Small
Relative to size and body mass, the feet are proportionately small
There is a propensity to breed for small feet in Thoroughbreds, Saddlebreds, and American Quarter Horses.
A small foot is less capable of diffusing impact stress with each footfall than a larger one.
On hard footing, the foot itself receives extra concussion. Over time, this can lead to sole bruising, laminitis, heel soreness, navicular disease, and ringbone. Sore-footed horses take short, choppy strides, so they have a rough ride and no gait efficiency.
If the horse has good shoeing support, it can comfortably participate in any sport, although it is more likely to stay sound in sports that involve soft footing.

Feet Large and Flat/ Mushroom-Footed
Large in width & breadth relative to body size & mass. May have slight pastern bones relative to large coffin bone.
Flat feet limit the soundness of the horse in concussion sports (jumping, eventing, steeplechase, distance riding).
Without proper shoeing or support, the sole may flatten. Low, flat soles are predisposed to laminitis or bruising. The horse takes on a choppy, short stride. It is hard for the horse to walk on rocky or rugged footing without extra protection on the hoof.
A large foot with good cup to sole is ideal foot for any horse. There is less incidence of lameness, and it is associated with good bone.
For flat footed horses, sports with soft footing and short distances like dressage, equitation, flat racing, barrel racing are best.

Mule Feet
Horse has a narrow, oval foot with steep walls
Mule feet are fairly common, usually seen in American Quarter Horses, Arabians, Saddlebreds, Tennessee Walkers, Foxtrotters, and Mules
A mule foot provides little shock absorption to foot & limb, creating issues like sole bruising, corns, laminitis, navicular, sidebone, and ringbone. Not all horses have soundness issues, especially if they are light on the front end & have very tough horn.
Because the hind end provides propulsion, it is normal to see more narrower hooves on back compared to front
Soft-terrain sports like polo, dressage, arena work (equitation, reining, cutting), and pleasure riding are most suitable

The slope of hoof wall is steeper than the pastern, often associated with long, sloping pasterns tending to the horizontal, which breaks the angulation between pastern and hoof. Usually seen in rear feet, esp in post-legged horses. Coon feet are sometimes due to a weak suspensory that allows the fetlock to drop.
Quite uncommon, it particularly affects speed sports and agility sports
Coon feet create similar problems as too long & sloping pasterns (the horse prone to run-down injuries on back of fetlock). If foot lift off is delayed in bad footing, ligament and tendon strain & injury to the sesamoid bones is likely.
Weakness to supporting ligaments due to post leg or injury to suspensory will result in a coon-foot as the fetlock drops.
The horse is most suited for low-speed exercise like pleasure riding or equitation

Club Foot
The slope of the front face of hoof exceeds 60 degrees. Horse often has long, upright heels. May be from contracture of DDF (deep digital flexor tendon) that was not addressed at birth or developed from nutritional imbalances or trauma.
Fairly common, best to use horse in activities done in soft-footing & those that depend on strong hindquarter usage
Various degrees of angulation, from slight to very pronounced. Horses with obvious club feet land more on the toes, causing toe bruising or laminitis. The horse generally does poorly at prolonged exercise, especially if on hard or uneven terrain (eventing, trail riding).
Because the toe is easily bruised, the horse moves with a short, choppy stride, and may stumble. The horse is a poor jumping prospect due to trauma incurred on impact of landing.

Contracted Heels
The heels appear narrow and the sulci of frogs are deep while the frog may be atrophied
May be seen in any breed, but most common in American Quarter Horses, Thoroughbreds, Saddlebreds, Tennessee Walkers, or Gaited horses
Contracted heels are not normally inherited, but a symptom of limb unsoundness. A horse in pain will protect the limb by landing more softly on it. Over time, the structures contract. The source of pain should be explored by a vet.
Contracted heels create problems like thrush. The horse loses shock absorption ability, potentially contributing to the development of navicular syndrome, sole bruising, laminitis, and corns. Heel expansibility may also be restricted, causing lameness from pressure around the coffin bone and reduced elasticity of the digital cushion.
Horse is best used for non-concussion sports.

Thin Walls
Wall is narrow and thin when viewed from bottom. Often associated with flat feet or too small feet.
Common, especially in American Quarter Horses, Thoroughbreds, and Saddlebreds.
Thin walls reduce the weight-bearing base of support, and are often accompanied by flat or tender soles that easily bruise. The horse is subject to developing corns at the angles of the bar. The horse tends to grow long-toes with low heels, moving the hoof tubules in horizontal direction, and so it reduces shock absorption ability and increases the risk of lameness.
Less integrity for expansion and flexion of hoof, making it more brittle and prone to sand & quarter cracks. Narrow white line makes it hard to hold shoes on.
Horse does best when worked only on soft footing.

Flared Hoof Wall
One side of the hoof flares towards its bottom, relative to the steep appearance of the other side. Flared surface is concave.
Horse is best to use in low-impact or low-speed sports
May be conformationally induced from angular limb deformity or malalignments of the bones within the hoof. These conformational problems cause excess strain on one side of hoof making it steepen, while the side with less impact grows to a flare. The coronary band often slopes asymmetrically due to pushing of hoof wall & coronet on steep side, which gets more impact than flared. May develop sheared heels, causing lameness issues, contracted heels & thrush.
May be acquired from imbalanced trimming methods over time that stimulate more stress on one side of foot.
Chronic lameness may make the horse load the limb unevenly, even if the lameness may be in hock or stifle.
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