Thought 4the day: Help others and one day they might help you? This used to be something in the olden days so it seems? People sit back most of the time now and watch as people struggle or things go wrong. I find its easier and more productive to step in and give advice, help, rehome where i can from people on the waiting list etc. I know some people at the time even from what i have seen might not except the help their and then but they do later when they finally open those eyes and realise whats going on. Even tiny snipets of advice can change a horses life. Like do they realise their saddle does not fit? Or have they noticed a small cut to the horses leg? If we helped each other out like the olden days i am sure alot more horses and ponies could be happier? Whats your experiances good or bad offering help? I know once bitten twice shy as some people never except help but there are some out there that do :o)
Quote 4the day: Life is a rollercoaster sit back and enjoy the ride, horses are our sanity open up and let them in..
Fact 4the day: Corns in horses/ponies
Bruises of the Hoof in Horses
Corns are very similar to what they are in humans when they occur in horses, but since the foot is built differently it is important to note that corns are different as well. In the equine context, corns are bruises that can appear on the sole of the foot, on the angle of the foot, or on the heel of the foot.
While it may not seem like it would be that big of a deal, corns can be very painful and uncomfortable, to say the least. If left untreated for long enough, they can create chronic lameness in even the healthiest of horses, causing them to refuse exercise, refuse to work, and refuse to perform at optimum standards.
These bruises can be caused by a variety of things but poorly fitted horseshoes are one of the main culprits of this condition. The proper fitting of a horseshoe is important for a lot of reasons, and is essential to the top-notch performance of the horse. At the same time, something as simple as an ill fitting shoe can have deleterious effects on the health of your horse; corns are just one of the injuries that can result from this.
Symptoms and Types
Often, there is some appearance of inflammation on the hoof of the horse. If it is a mild inflammation the hook will be dry to the touch. The hoof will be moist to the touch if it is a severe inflammation. Once it progresses to a full on infection, the hoof will feel and appear to be wet and oozing fluid (i.e., pus).
In addition, a horse suffering from corns may display:
•Pain on the sole when putting body weight on affected foot
•Pain when hoof is tapped during routine check of the feet
•Chronic, frequent lameness (inability to walk)
•Bruising of the sole
•Blood stains on the sole of the foot
•Poorly fitted horse shoe (i.e., either due to poor hoof growth or hoof that is too large for shoe)
•Excessive pressure by the shoe on the sole of the foot
•Insufficient changing of the horseshow
•Direct injury from stones/rocks on harsh ground
•Hemorrhage in the corium (the inner layer of connective tissue) of the hoof
•Bruising of the sole
Trimming the surface of the hoof away should be all that is needed to diagnose corns in a horse. The sole of the foot will usually be sensitive, red, and inflamed. It may also be extremely bruised, or the foot may be stained with blood.
The corium, or dermis -- the inner layer of connective tissue and vessels that lies below the epidermis -- is also likely going to be damaged. When the hoof grows improperly, deleterious bacteria is allowed to enter this sensitive tissue, and an abscess often forms as the body’s way to localize the infection.
The course of treatment will depend on the severity of the corn and the circumstances by which they came about. For example, if the corn(s) are due to poorly fitted horseshoes, these shoes will need to be removed promptly. Also, the corn will need to be trimmed out of the sole. If there is fluid or an abscess, the wound will need to be drained and properly dressed. This will leave a very sensitive and irritated area that will need to be further treated and healed. The hoof will need to be cared for regularly, with foot baths and clean dressings applied one or more times daily, and the stall in which the horse is kept will need to be kept particularly clean and sterile.
If the corn has been present for an extended period of time, it is likely that there is an infection in the sole -- even if very slight -- and it will need to be treated promptly and effectively before it can worsen. Your veterinarian may administer an antibiotic by injection, cream, ointment, or a combination of these medicines in order to eradicate the infection. Once the infection is brought under control, and the hoof has been trimmed accordingly, your veterinarian will have a well fitted shoe placed on your horse's hoof, with a cushion sole placed between the hoof and the shoe to protect the hoof from further trauma.
Living and Management
After the corn has been treated, it is important to give your horse time to heal. Corns are very painful, and when they are removed the procedure and exposed area can be painful as well. Depending on your horse's health status and the severity of the pain, your doctor may be able to prescribe a pain reliever until your horse is able to stand comfortably on the wounded foot again.
The following are steps you can take to help prevent the development of corns:
•Removing the shoes on a regular basis for thorough cleaning
•Changing the shoes accordingly as the horse's foot grows
•Regularly verifying that the horse's shoes are correctly fitted
•Properly trimming the hoof with the size of the shoe