Quote 4the day: The earth may feel like it stands still but your beautiful horse floats..
Fact 4the day: Intestinal Bacterial Infections
The presence of endotoxins in the blood is referred to as Endotoxemia. These toxins are generally due to the presence of certain types of bacteria in the horse's gut. If not treated promptly and quickly, Endotoxemia can lead to shock, coma, or even death.
... As previously stated, Endotoxemia may lead to coma or shock, more specifically endotoxic shock. The horse may also be excessively thirsty and abnormally slurp or suck water through its lips while drinking. Some other symptoms for this condition include:
•A rise in its pulse rate (i.e., in excess of 80 beats per minute)
•Respiratory congestion (especially seen in the mucous membranes)
•Colic-like symptoms (e.g., abdominal pain, bloating, gas)
As the disease progresses the horse may develop laminitis, a hoof and foot disease that causes the hoof wall and hoof to separate.
The toxins given off by Gram-negative bacteria (or bacteria that do not retain a crystal violet dye during a common staining exam) are the cause for Endotoxemia in horses. Among them, E. coli, Salmonella, and Pseudomonas are common forms of Gram-negative bacteria. Some other risk factors for Endotoxemia include:
•Damage to the mucous barrier in the intestines
•Inflammation of the small intestine
•Colitis (a severe affliction brought on by stress)
•Acute metritis (a sexually transmitted disease)
If your horse is displaying the symptoms listed above, the veterinarian may run a variety of tests, including a Gram stain test to determine if there is bacteria in the animal's blood. If bacteria is found, the test will also identify the type of bacterium. Furthermore, be prepared to give the veterinarian information regarding environmental or behavioral changes such as a change in diet or the horse's attitude towards food.
During cases of Endotoxemia, horses must be treated immediately for it to have any success. There are several courses of treatment, including fluid therapy, which is administered intravenously via an intravenous (IV) tube through the veins, or a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) regimen, which helps with the horse's pain and controls inflammation. In cases where there has been severe internal damage due to the illness, the veterinarian may recommend a surgical procedure: removal of any damaged gastrointestinal areas. There has also been a hyperimmune serum that has been developed recently for Endotoxemia; this high concentration of antibodies may help in eliminating the bacteria.
Living and Management
After treating Endotoxemia, it is important to give the horse as much time to rest and recuperate as possible. This also means providing a proper, well-balanced diet for the horse and listening to the veterinarian's instructions.
Thought 4the day: Sometimes when horses or ponies do not like something it can either be from a bad experiance or they really just don't like it! Depending on what it is you can try to make it a nice experiance. We have one gelding who does not like the farrier not because our farrier has done anything its something he learnt or something that happened before he came in. He rears, kicks and snatch...es feet even cutting the farriers hand last time. This time we gave him a calming herb so that the world was not a bad place and instead of someone holding him which makes him worse we just tied him up and walked away as he had a haynet. He not only stood really well he only tried to take a front foot once on each side! Herbs are wonderful things and for him to feel calmer he acted calmer :o)